25 January 2008

Abdullah Quilliam: Shaikh-ul-Islam for the British Isles and Dominions

Posted by AK | 25 January 2008 | Category: |

Shaikh William Henry Abdullah Quilliam (1856-1932) was a native Englishman, a solicitor, from Liverpool, England, who embraced Islam in 1887 and established Britain’s first mosque in Liverpool. He was the son of a watch manufacturer, Robert Quilliam, and a descendent of Capt. John Quilliam R.N., who was First Lieutenant aboard HMS Victory under the famous British Admiral Horatio Nelson.

He was appointed as Shaikh-ul-Islam for the British Isles and Dominions by Caliph Abdul-Hamid II.

His life gives a clear example of the relationship Muslims in the West should have with the society they live in, western governments and the wider Muslim Ummah including the soon to be established Caliphate.

The Liverpool Muslim Institute that Shaikh Quilliam established was more than simply a mosque. There was a Boarding School for boys, a Day School for girls, a Library, a Reading Room, a Museum and a Science laboratory. Classes were held in a wide variety of subjects for both Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

Shaikh Quilliam was extremely vocal against British colonial foreign policy especially in Sudan in which he released an official statement concerning this. (see below) Despite their continued opposition to the munkar (evil) committed by the British government the Muslims were never treacherous or committed acts of violence against the government or the wider society.

Shaikh Quilliam left Britain for Istanbul, capital of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1908. When the Caliphate sided with Germany during the First World War and became officially at war with Britain, Shaikh Quilliam remained in the Caliphate until the war was over.
Once the Caliphate is re-established Muslims in the west must also be prepared to make hijra (emigration) if their position in the west becomes untenable due to a war between the west and the Caliphate or an "ethnic cleansing" policy conducted by European governments similiar to what the Christians did to Muslims and Jews in Al-Andalus in the 15th century.

Shaikh Quilliam on British foreign policy in Sudan

In the name of God, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful!

Peace be to all True-Believers to whom this shall come!

Know ye, O Muslims, that the British Government has decided to commence military and warlike operations against the Muslims of the Soudan, who have taken up arms to defend their country and their faith. And it is in contemplation to employ Muslim soldiers to fight against these Muslims of the Soudan.

For any True Believer to take up arms and fight against another Muslim is contrary to the Shariat, and against the law of God and his holy prophet.

I warn every True-Believer that if he gives the slightest assistance in this projected expedition against the Muslims of the Soudan, even to the extent of carrying a parcel, or giving a bite of bread to eat or a drink of water to any person taking part in the expedition against these Muslims that he thereby helps the Giaour against the Muslim, and his name will be unworthy to be continued upon the roll of the faithful.

Signed at the Mosque in Liverpool, England, this 10th day of Shawwal, 1313 (which Christians erroneously in their ignorance call the 24th day of March, 1896),

W.H. ABDULLAH QUILLIAM, Sheikh-ul-Islam of the British Isles.

[Source: The Crescent, March 25th 1896, Vol. VII, No. 167, p. 617; original punctuation and spelling retained.]

Shaikh Quilliam on the Caliphate

In the name of God, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful!

Peace be to all the faithful everywhere!

“O True-Believers, fear God with His true fear; and die not unless ye also be True-Believers. And cleave all of you unto the covenant of God, and depart not from it; and remember the favour of God towards you.” Sura 3, “The Family of Imran,” Ayat, 103

All praise be to God Who, in His unlimited goodness, has favoured us with the gift of the True religion of Islam, and Who has ordered the brethren to be united, and declared this to be His law in the before-quoted Ayat of the Holy and Imperishable Koran!

Among Muslims none should be known as Turks, Arabs, Kurds, Ajem, Afghans, Indians or English. They are all Muslims, and verily the True-Believers are brethren. Islam is erected on the Unity of God, the unity of His religion, and the unity of the Muslims. History demonstrates that the True-Believers were never defeated while they remained united, but only when disunion crept into their ranks.

At the present time, union is more than ever necessary among Muslims. The Christian powers are preparing a new crusade in order to shatter the Muslim powers, under the pretext that they desire to civilise the world.

This is nothing but hypocrisy, but armed as they are with the resources of Western civilisation it will be impossible to resist them unless the Muslims stand united in one solid phalanx.

O Muslims, do not be deceived by this hypocrisy. Unite yourselves as one man. Let us no longer be separated. The rendevous of Islam is under the shadow of the Khalifate. The Khebla of the True-Believer who desires happiness for himself and prosperity to Islam is the holy seat of the Khalifate.

It is with the deepest regret that we see some persons seeking to disseminate disunion among Muslims by publications issued in Egypt, Paris and London. “Verily, they are in a manifest error.”

If their object – as they allege it – be the welfare of Islam, then let them reconsider their action and they will perceive that instead of bringing a blessing to Islam their actions will have a contrary effect, and only further disseminate disunion where it is – alas that it should be said – only too apparent.

We fraternally invite these brethren to return their allegiance, and call them to the sacred name of Islam to re-unite with the Faithful.

Muslims all! Arsh is under the standard of the Khalifate. Let us unite there, one and all, and at once!

Given at the Mosque at Liverpool, this 5th day of Dhulkada, 1313, which Christians in their error call the 20th day of April, 1896

W.H. ABDULLAH QUILLIAM, Sheikh-ul-Islam of the British Isles.

[Source: The Crescent, Vol. VII, No. 171, April 22nd 1896, pp. 681-682, original punctuation and spelling retained, pagination indicated in square brackets in the text.]

Currently have 6 comments:

  1. I think it's strange that an anti-Islamist lobby group has called itself the "Quilliam Foundation" given Abdullah Quilliam's actual politics!

  2. Its great to know about that. Excellent article.

  3. The Quilliam Foundation is led by Ed Hussein, author of 'The Islamist.' He is anti-Islamist and opposes groups like Hizb ut Tahrir.
    I, as a Muslim, dislike his ways.

  4. MashaALLAH, what an excellent article. May ALLAH establish the Khilafah in our lifetime and make us worthy of it. It is very nice to see what fruits the future Khilafah will bring for the Ummah. Compare Sheikh Quilliam's fatwa against the support of the British in their battle against the Muslims of Sudan versus the Saudi regime's support of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. Below is an article that details their support:

    Saudis had wider role in war
    Their assistance during the invasion of Iraq had been kept secret for fear of adding to instability.
    By John Solomon ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Source: Philadelphia Inquirer, The (PA); 619 words
    Published: 2004-04-26
    Section: NATIONAL | Page A07 | Edition: CITY-D
    During last year's invasion of Iraq, Saudi Arabia secretly helped the United States far more than has been acknowledged, allowing operations from at least three air bases, permitting Special Forces to stage attacks from Saudi soil, and providing cheap fuel, U.S. and Saudi officials say.
    The U.S. air campaign against Iraq was essentially managed from inside Saudi borders, where military commanders operated an air command center and launched refueling tankers, F-16 fighter jets, and sophisticated intelligence-gathering flights, according to the officials.
    Much of the assistance has been kept quiet for more than a year by both countries for fear it would add to instability inside the kingdom.
    Many Saudis oppose the war, and U.S. presence on Saudi soil has been used by Osama bin Laden to build his terror movement.
    But senior political and military officials from both countries said the Saudi royal family permitted widespread military operations to be staged from inside the kingdom.
    These officials would talk only on condition of anonymity because of the diplomatic sensitivity and the fact that some operational details remain classified.
    While the heart of the ground attack came from Kuwait, thousands of special-forces soldiers were permitted to stage their operations into Iraq from inside Saudi Arabia, the officials said. The staging areas became essential once Turkey declined to allow U.S. forces to operate from its soil.
    In addition, U.S. and coalition aircraft launched attacks, reconnaissance flights and intelligence missions from three Saudi air bases, not just the Prince Sultan Air Base, where U.S. officials have acknowledged activity.
    Between 250 and 300 Air Force planes flew from Saudi Arabia, including AWACS surveillance jets, C-130 cargo planes, refueling tankers, and F-16 fighter jets during the height of the war, the officials said. Air and military operations during the war were permitted at the Tabuk air base and Arar regional airport near the Iraq border, the officials said.
    Saudis also agreed to permit search-and-rescue missions to take off from their soil, the officials said.
    Air Force Gen. T. Michael Moseley, who was a key architect of the air campaign in Iraq, called the Saudis "wonderful partners," although he agreed to discuss their help only in general terms.
    "We operated the command center at Saudi Arabia. We operated airplanes out of Saudi Arabia, as well as sensors, and tankers," Moseley said in an interview with the AP. He said he treasured "their counsel, their mentoring, their leadership and their support."
    The Saudis provided tens of millions of dollars in discounted oil, gas and fuel for U.S. forces.
    During the war, a stream of oil delivery trucks at times stretched for miles outside the Prince Sultan Air Base, said a senior U.S. military planner.
    The Saudis also were influential in keeping down world oil prices amid concern over what might happen to Iraqi oil fields. They increased production by 1.5 million barrels a day during the run-up to war and helped keep Jordan - which had relied on Iraqi oil - supplied.
    Saudi officials said they also provided significant military and intelligence help on everything from issues of Muslim culture to securing the Saudi-Iraqi border from fleeing supporters of Saddam Hussein.
    Publicly, U.S. and Saudi officials have portrayed the U.S. military presence during the war as minimal and limited to Prince Sultan Air Base, where Americans have operated on and off over the last decade. Any other U.S. presence during the war was generally described as humanitarian, such as food drops, or as protection against Scud missile attacks.
    During the war, U.S. officials held media briefings about the air war from Qatar, although the air command center was in Saudi Arabia - a move designed to keep from inflaming the Saudi public.
    Illustration/Photo: Gen. T. Michael Moseley lauded the Saudis' cooperation.
    © Philadelphia Inquirer, The (PA)

  5. Hi, I was wondering if i could use the picture of William Abdullah Quilliam?

  6. Go ahead, there is no copyright on old photos like these.